Allama Iqbal’s Presidential Address at Allahabad

29 December 1930.

Iqbal found a God sent opportunity as he was elected as the president of Allahabad Session of the All India Muslim League. He took full advantage of this session for communicating his thoughts and his dream for a separate state, Pakistan.

Important points:

Following were the important points of his address:
  1. Islam is a complete code of life. And Muslims are a nation. There is no harmony between Muslims and Hindus in India.
  2. A separate homeland for the Muslims of India comprising of Punjab, sindh, Balochistan and NWFP.
He Said I would like to see the Punjab, North-West FrontierProvinces , Sindh and Balochistan into a single State. Self-Government within the British Empireor without the British Empire. The formation of the consolidated North-West IndianMuslimStateappears to be the final destiny of the Muslims, at least of the North-West India.”

  1. Two Nation Theory. Suggestions for the constitution. (He was against the central legislative assembly and wanted assembly of representative of federal States).
  2. Muslim Representation in the British Indian Assembly shall be 1/3rd.
Hindu Reaction:

  • Hindus reacted against the demand of separate home land by Iqbal. An editorial in daily Partab, Lahore wrote about Allama Muhammad Iqbal that he is a dangerous Muslim of North Western India.
  • In Daily Inqalab, Lahore a Hindu Columnist wrote “Iqbal Wanted to snatch the country of Hindus from them and to give it to the Muslims.

Muslims supported his ideas. And News papers like Daily Hindu and Daily hamdam supported him and propagated his message and ideas through the Subcontinent.
Iqbal earned the title of “Dreamer of Pakistan” for Himself.

Chaudary Rehmat Ali, born in 1879, a student at Cambridge, published a pamphlet “Now or Never” in 1933. He supported the fact that Muslims of subcontinent are a separate nation and they should have their separate homeland. He also coined the word “Pakistan” and included Kashmir. This term, Pakistan, stands for Land of Pure.